The Bakongo (Essikongo) people used many types of resources such as materials, food, tools, water and agriculture. The materials that the Bakongo (Essikongo) people had access to use was straw, mud and bark. Bark was used as clothing, to make the bark more suitable for clothing, the Bakongo (Essikongo) people pounded the bark. Straw was used as another type of clothing. Food was a big part of the Kongo people's lives because they couldn’t live without it. (cassava flour) with the leftover sauces from Dinner. Their lunch is the biggest meal of the day. For lunch they eat sauces with fufu or with rice. Cassava leaves (saka saka) would be pounded and mixed with dried salted fish (Makayabu) or sardines, this makes a rich saka saka. If somebody doesn't eat that then another choice of lunch is pounded sesame seeds (wangila) and a small dried shrimp are added, with this you eat pounded squash seeds (mbika), seasoned with lots of hot peppers wrapped in banana leaves. Yet another meal that is commonly eaten for lunch is white beans cooked in a palm oil sauce with tomatoes, onions, garlic and hot pepper. The beans are eaten with rice, fufu or chikwange. For Dinner they will eat they eat leftovers again, they eat chikwange with makayabu covered with hot pepper sauce. They will sometimes eat a meal called Giant Chikwange, the chikwange is wrapped in banana leaves, and this takes a family of four a week to eat. Bakongo’s (Essikongo’s) water was often contaminated because they leave it out in the open with no cover over it. This results in disease to the people. Farmers gained lots of food from their crops which made them so successful. Waterways provided lots of fish. The food that the Bakongo (Essikongo) ate, some of it didn't have enough vitamins which resulted in death. Only 3% of the land was good enough to be farmed, the reason they retrieved lots of food from the crops was because farmers gave lots of support to it. They gathered fruit from trees in the thick rainforests. The types of fruit they ate were bananas, coconuts, dates, and citrus fruits. Hunting wild animals provided meat, cattle were killed for their hides and meat. They collect the hides to trade them. The farmers grew a grass called millet and sorghum. Raffia was woven from the fiber of palm trees which was used to make baskets etc.

external image fufu.JPG(fufu) chikwange.jpg(chikwange wrapped in banana leaves)
dried_fish.jpg (Dried fish, Makayabu)
clothes.jpg (Clothing made from tree bark)
cassava_leaves.jpg(cassava leaves being brought home to eat)


Bakongo's (Essikongo's) technology did evolve a lot through the ages. They used cattle to farm their crops. Bakongo (Essikongo) people were not involved in slave trading. Portuguese eventually demanded them to trade slaves with them. The people had very bad roadwork and you could not get around well on it. The Bakongo (Essikongo) lived in straw huts but evolved to live in one - two room mud brick houses. There were 5 people per every square km. The kingdom was located on the south bank of the Congo River, Mbanza Kongo. The things that the Bakongo (Essikongo) did daily was farming fishing and praying.

Links to other pages about the Kongo Kingdom:

Place : This page will give you information on physical and human related topics about the government, architechture, climate,and natural life etc. in the Kongo kingdom.

( Bonobos, only found wild in Kongo. Image from :

Regions: This page will tell you about agriculture, politics, vegetation, economy, and many other subjects on the Kongo kingdom region.

Enviroment: This page will tell you about Resources they had such as materials, food, tools, water and agriculture. Adaption such as clothing, technology, transportation, shelter and daily activities. It will also tell you about how they were changing landscape, habitats ecosystems.

Movement: On this page you will find out how the Kongo had the movement of ideas, objects, and people.

Location: Here you will find information about the location of Kongo like the surroundings.

Other pages:
Work cited