Economy/Trade and Industry

The main factor of reaching wealth for the population was farming and mining. Farmers collected crops, fished, and hunted. Day after day, miners searched for gold. All these products were sent to coastal cities (inside Zimbabwe since it used to have a small coastline), and from there, goods were shipped and traded for other goods. Salt was quite valuable back then, so a deal between salt and gold was never declined. A well known, friendly customer of the Zimbabweans was the Arabs. Although the locals didn’t consider gold worth much, the Arabs traded a lot of their mining, as they couldn’t mine them back in their home country.

How to mine for gold
First, gold was removed from the earth and the heated with fire. The gold was then covered icy water to cool it down and make the gold go hard. This also made it easier to split, as when it is first mined, the rocks was big in mass.


In Zimbabwe, they had a powerful king with help and advice from the native tribes. Also, local chiefs watched over small areas. In the 15th century, a local chief called Mutota led people north to conquer more land. It made him successful of expanding empire, which made him the Mwene Mutapa(Great Ravenqer).


Zimbabwe or Great Zimbabwe (meaning house of stone in shona language) was built between 1000 A.D. and 1300 A.D. In the middle of Zimbabwe, there is a temple with large stone walls protecting it. These walls were 820 feet long, 16 feet thick, and 30 feet tall, protecting Zimbabwe from the enemies. There was a cone shaped building inside it that rose to 115 feet .

Great Zimbabwe
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Zimbabwean people spoke Shona, Bantu and Karang in Zimbabwe.



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